Science & Technology

Multiple sclerosis reversed by transplanted immune cells that combat Epstein-Barr virus


In a small trial, immune cells that combat the Epstein-Barr virus have stopped the development of a number of sclerosis, an autoimmune situation that may result in signs, reminiscent of problem strolling, that worsen over time



Health



11 April 2022

Nerve demyelination. Coloured transmission electron micrograph (TEM) of a section through a Schwann cell and a nerve fibre, showing the early collapse of its myelin sheath. Myelin (red) is an insulating fatty layer that surrounds the nerve fibre (axon, orange), increasing the speed at which nerve impulses travel. It is formed when a Schwann cell (green) wraps around the fibre, depositing layers of myelin between each coil. Demyelination occurs in nerve disorders such as multiple sclerosis (MS). Patches (lesions) of myelin sheath are destroyed and nerve function is impaired. Magnification: x3800 when printed 10 centimetres wide.

Coloured transmission electron micrograph displaying the early collapse of myelin sheath round a nerve fibre

STEVE GSCHMEISSNER/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY

Transplants of immune cells that concentrate on the Epstein-Barr virus have proven promise for treating a number of sclerosis in an early stage trial. Brain scans recommend the development of the situation was reversed in some members, however this must be confirmed by bigger trials.

Multiple sclerosis (MS) is brought on by somebody’s personal immune system attacking the myelin coating that helps nerve cells conduct indicators, inflicting a variety of signs from fatigue to problem strolling. In most instances, …



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