Health and Fitness

U.S. ban on menthol cigarettes will lead greater than 1.3 million people who smoke to stop

A brand new examine tasks {that a} U.S. ban on menthol cigarettes, proposed by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration, will lead greater than 1.3 million people who smoke to stop. Among them, Black people who smoke will see the best influence.

Researchers from the University of Waterloo led the examine, in collaboration with researchers from the University of Toronto and 7 U.S. universities. To make the projection, the workforce evaluated the influence of Canada’s ban on menthol cigarettes, which got here into pressure nationally in 2017. They mixed information from the International Tobacco Control Policy Evaluation Project (ITC Project) and the Ontario Menthol Ban Study, which surveyed individuals earlier than and after the ban. Smokers of menthol cigarettes in Canada stop smoking at a fee of twenty-two.3 per cent, in comparison with 15.0 per cent of non-menthol people who smoke. The distinction of seven.3 per cent is extremely statistically vital.

Our examine confirms that Canada’s menthol cigarette ban led to substantial public well being advantages. Smoking is the primary preventable reason behind demise and illness in Canada, the United States, and globally.”

Geoffrey T. Fong, professor of psychology and public well being sciences, University of Waterloo and lead writer of the examine

Fong can be senior investigator on the Ontario Institute for Cancer Research and principal investigator of the ITC Project.

To estimate the influence of a U.S. ban on menthol cigarettes, the examine utilized the impact the Canadian ban had on quitting to U.S. statistics on menthol people who smoke. The examine projected {that a} U.S. ban on menthol cigarettes would result in a rise in quitting of 1,337,988 U.S. people who smoke. Because 80 per cent of Black people who smoke smoke menthols-;in comparison with about 35 per cent of U.S. people who smoke overall-;the influence of a menthol cigarette ban within the U.S. can be proportionately larger for them. The projections are that 381,272 Black people who smoke would stop after a U.S. ban on menthols.

“These findings provide the foundation for the U.S. and other countries considering menthol cigarette bans to estimate the possible impact of such bans on reducing smoking,” stated Michael O. Chaiton, scientist on the Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, director of analysis on the Ontario Tobacco Research Unit, and principal investigator of the Ontario Menthol Ban Study.

For greater than a decade, public well being specialists, scientists, civil rights teams, and anti-tobacco organizations-;together with the World Health Organization-;have known as upon governments to ban menthol cigarettes. In addition to Canada, greater than 30 different international locations have banned menthol cigarettes, together with all member states of the European Union.

Menthol is added to cigarettes as a result of it creates a cooling sensation that takes the sting off the harshness of cigarette smoke, making it simpler to begin smoking and facilitating habit, all the reason why public well being specialists have known as for a menthol ban.


Journal reference:

Fong, G.T., et al. (2022) Impact of Canada’s menthol cigarette ban on quitting amongst menthol people who smoke: pooled evaluation of pre-post analysis from the ITC Project and the Ontario Menthol Ban Study and projections of influence within the USA. Tobacco Control.

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